Who is ICANN?
Who is ICANN?
ICANN is the global, non-profit, private-sector coordinating body acting in the public interest. ICANN is responsible for managing and coordinating the DNS to ensure universal resolvability.
By their own definition they say this…
“ICANN is responsible for the global coordination of the Internet’s system of unique identifiers. These include domain names, as well as the addresses used in a variety of Internet protocols. Computers use these identifiers to reach each other over the Internet. Careful management of these resources is vital to the Internet’s operation, so ICANN’s global stakeholders meet regularly to develop policies that ensure the Internet’s ongoing security and stability.” – icann.org
In other words, ICANN ensures that the DNS (Domain Name System) continues to function effectively, by overseeing the distribution of unique numeric IP addresses and domain names. Among its other responsibilities, ICANN oversees the processes and systems that ensure that each domain name maps to the correct IP address, and therefore the correct server’s location.
ICANN’s mission is to protect and preserve the stability, integrity and utility – on behalf of the global Internet community – of the DNS.
Fortunately, you will probably never need to interact, correspond or deal with ICANN (unless you lodge a complaint against an accredited registrar). But it’s good to know there is “someone” behind the scenes sort of making the Internet do what we have learned to expect from it.